Great site, continue the fine work. Designated the “medium tank M3”, the first contract was awarded to Chrylser on 28 Aug., 1940 for 1,000 units, before the design was even finalized. The rushed design then entered production, being required both by US Army needs and the United Kingdom’s demand for 3,650 medium tanks (by then a British proposal for US-built Crusaders and Matilda was rejected). British M3 Grant (left) and Lee (right) at El Alamein (Egypt), in the Sahara Desert, 1942, showing differences between the British turret and the original design. Required fields are marked *. The Soviet M3 tanks used in Finland in 1944 were salvaged from a wreck in 1942. As has been noted in an earlier reply, British Cruiser Tanks—the A9, A10, A13, and Crusader, were fit with the Ordnance Quick Fire 2-Pdr. It was equipped with a riveted superstructure. 355 were produced in all, which were also registered in US army service as the “Shop tractor T10”. Note: British Grant tanks (another version of the Lee) had the radio moved to the turret so the commander had direct access, and therefor no radio operator .. different scheme to get a crew of 6. The M3, as a basis for further developments, was incredibly successful. Hello Scott, 19 radio, stronger armor and no machine-gun cupola, replaced by a simple hatch. English: The M3 Lee (M3 Medium Tank) was an American tank used during World War II. These included the Canadian Ram tank, the 105 mm (4.13 in) Howitzer Motor Carriage M7, better known as the M7 Priest, 155 mm (6.1 in) Gun Motor Carriage M12, the Kangaroo armored personnel carrier, and the Sexton Mk.I self-propelled gun. Nachfolger war der wesentlich verbesserte M4 Sherman. Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "General Lee", named after Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Review US medium tank M3 Lee early in Maßstab 1/35. Photo Source. „Grant“, abhängig von verschiedenen Serienausführungen (Namensgeber waren die beiden Generäle Robert Edward Lee und Ulysses S. Grant aus dem amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg). “None were ever used by the US Marine corp.” This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 800 were taken over by Australian forces, and 900 by Indian forces. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Clearly, (for good or bad motives) the U.S. has proven the German philosophy of providing it’s military with smaller numbers of tanks with an overwhelming technological advantage. British Medium Tank M3 Grant Mk.I World War Two, 1941–1943 Hasegawa 1:72 Scale Vehicle Review. Grant. The maximal configuration included machine guns mounted in the upper turret, lower coaxial, commander cupola, rear external AA mount for a single M1919 A4, and even four hull machine-guns in sponsons, fitted in the four corners of the superstructure. It was served by a synchromesh, 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse gearbox, and steering was obtained by differential braking. Da die US Army irrtümlich annahm, der mit einer 75-mm-Kanone bewaffnete Panzer IV wäre der häufigste deutsche Kampfpanzer (tatsächlich war dies während des Westfeldzugs der leichte Panzer II gewesen), wurde der Einbau einer 75-mm-Kanone in die US-Panzer gefordert. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! Es wurden 6.258 M3 in verschiedenen Ausführungen gebaut. In Britain, the tank was called by two names based on the turret configuration and crew size. A Grant I painted in the El Alamein VIIIth army style, November 1942, at Bovington. Quick question, I was just wondering what the sources to the information are? The shorter M2 gun was mounted due to a lack of M3 guns. Its tank design was evolving through a peacetime, post-crisis context, and tactical thinki… “Заводы рабочимъ!” (Plants for workers) is old Russian variant which used before Russian Revolution. The turret was geared by an electro-hydraulic system, powered by the main engine, also providing pressure for the main gun stabilizer, and the turret could make a full traverse in less than 15 seconds. When war broke out in Europe in 1939, the USA was far from ready to enter the fray. Today, the M-1 Abraham’s Tank is seemingly unmatched, overwhelming the Russian Tanks in quality over quantity. Thanks for building such a great website on tanks. The last production (591 units), mostly fielded by the British army, was the M3A5, equipped with the twin GM 6-71 diesels, but with a riveted hull and Lee turret. Some of these were the M31B1 Diesel powered variant. This type of deception tactic had been used by the Royal Navy in WW1. Hier erhielt er die Namen „Lee“ bzw. M3 Lee's under assembly . Prototypical suspension . About “M3S, 241st Armored Brigade, Stalingrad sector, October 1942” graphic picture. In practice, they were rarely seen. Two nights before the attack, the tanks replaced the trucks, being covered with “Sunshields” before dawn. “Combined Arms” seems to be the trend for the foreseeable future. Wikipedia and related sources, British and American tanks of WWII (Chamberlain-Ellis), Osprey New Vanguard M3 Lee Grant. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Armee in Nordafrika, wo er die Feuerüberlegenheit der gegnerischen Panzer kompensierte. Hier wurde er „Grab für 6 Freunde“ genannt, da er bei Treffern leicht in Brand geriet. During Operation Bertram, in the months leading up to the second Battle of El Alamein in North Africa in September – October 1942, camouflage and dummy vehicles were used to deceive the Germans where the next attack was going to come from. Nachfolger war der wesentlich verbesserte M4 Sherman. The medium tank M3 was based on the medium tank M2, utilizing its suspension, power train, and other mechanical parts. M3 Lee at Fort Knox, June 1942. For a long time it was believed the tanks sent to the Soviet Union were M3A3 and A5 Diesel powered sub-variants. Width: 8 ft, 7 inches. The tanks were replaced that same night with dummies in their original positions, so the armour remained seemingly two or more days’ journey behind the front line. The 10th Corps, which he had seen from the air exercising fifty miles in the rear, moved silently away in the night, but leaving an exact simulacrum of its tanks where it had been, and proceeded to its points of attack.” (Winston Churchill, 1942), M3 Lee, early production model, belonging to the 13th Armored Regiment, First Armored Division, attached to the First Infantry Division (the “Big Red One”). An upper cupola was initially designed to house a cal.30 (7.62 mm) machine-gun, giving this model its cartoonish, caricatural appearance, bristling with guns in turrets and sponsons, much like a battleship. They were never in Tunisia. https://armyhistory.org/13th-armor/. The initial crew included a driver, commander, gunner and loader, upper gunner, a machine-gun servant and a radio operator. Upload media: Instance of: tank: Subclass of: M3 Lee: Country of origin: United Kingdom ; Authority control Q58444292. mittlerer Panzer M3 Grant Takom 2086 - 1/35. Why? Where did this tank come from? The AC-1 production was made redundant when US build equipment became more readily available and while the division was raised, the change to a more Pacific focus meant it was never deployed as a division. But it nevertheless saw service until the very end, thanks to some qualities, redeployment in more suitable campaign theaters, and conversions to other duties. In Britain, the tank was called by two names based on the turret configuration and crew size. Wegen des eingeschränkten Schwenkbereichs der Hauptwaffe wurde die 37-mm-Kanone im Turm beibehalten. The muzzle blast had a tendency to provoke excessive vibrations inside the hull. The end of the barrel features a compensating weight (not a muzzle brake), added because the stabilizer was designed for the longer barreled M3. If the crew was reduced to 5 late in the war. US Medium Tank M3 Lee: Number: 2085: Scale: 1:35 : Type: Full kit : Released: 2017 | Initial release - new tool: Barcode: 4897051420965 (EAN) Topic: M3 General Lee » Tanks (Vehicles) Box contents Includes: Plastic sprue, Photoetched fret, Decalsheet (waterslide) Markings M3 General Lee M3 Lee Krasnaya Armiya (Russian Red Army 1918-1946) Olive Drab; US Army (1784-now) 2 Arm. An M3A1 Lee (cast, smooth hull model).
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