And we agree with Professor Idowu that the purpose of the study should be: All this powers are acquired from juju, to carry out dubious operations. security: most Africans particularly Nigerian farmers especially plantation farmers and that of yams, cassava etc. They play … ADVERT SPACE !!! Given our current impending ecological crisis, indigenous African religions have a great deal to offer both African countries and the world at large on how human beings can best live within and interact with the environment. Earlier researchers and missionaries portrayed them often as primitive and barbaric and ridiculed them [I give many examples in my book: White Fathers in Colonial Central Africa - a Critical Examination of V.Y. Rosalind J. Hackett as a guest-editor has been responsible for those pages. For example, in 14 of the 19 countries surveyed, more than three-in-ten people say they sometimes consult traditional healers when someone in their household is sick. Mudimbe's Theories on Missionary Discourse in Africa]. When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Africans. Women play a key role in the practice of these traditions, and the internal gender relations and dynamics are very profound. This is a 3-hour summary lecture on the basic components of African Traditional Religions. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. The purpose of this is to help to orient a person who would like to work in the context of Africa. Only Asia is larger. ably represent the largest current manifestation of traditional African religion, albeit in a pluralist context. It is possible, however, to identify similarities in worldviews and ritual processes across geographic and ethnic boundaries. Kingship is integral to African belief systems for at least two reasons. Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, and the Ivory Coast—African religion is the majority religion. This allows it to more easily be amended and influenced by other religious ideas, religious wisdom, and by modern development. When certain traditional cosmic and spirit powers and forces rules and regulations enshrined manifests, man is aware that many things do wrong and not all his expectations and needs are always met, African traditional religion protocols is Still inevitable rules, doctrines, norms and customs that are referred to in the enthronement of African traditional rulers even though the personality may be a Muslim or a Christian, but tradition must be observed, Prior to the commitment of Africans in the traditional ceremonies and medications, it is obvious that Christianity and Islam co-exists harmoniously with traditional African religion, Most African Muslims and Christians still consult the traditional religion healers when someone is sick and. Religions are basically meant to help people in their tribulations but religious pluralism in Africa has brought conflict, tension and confusion in families and communities. Instead, myths are embedded and transmitted in ritual practice. . African Traditional Religion has grown out of the African soil. African Traditional Religion has been evolving; there is in it the element of continuity as well as discontinuity. No single body of religious beliefs and practices can be identified as African. Religions in … Religion 20 [1990] contains some articles on the study of African Religions that are worth reading. Evidence of which is briefly demonstrated in Amanda Gcabashe interesting TED talk on her life as a traditional healer in the 21st Century. Even life in the hereafter is conceived in materialistic and physical terms. Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. take more objective view, seeing some value in social functions of African religions • 3. The African tradition entails the world view that has collectively sustained, enriched and given meaning to a continent and numerous other societies for centuries through it are epistemology. Africa is the second largest continent on Earth. Importance of Religious Parallels and Commonalities • The similarities and parallels between ancient Egyptian religion, and traditional African religions suggest they derive from a common African “family” of certain religious ideas and practices • These include: single supreme creator god, many lesser gods, It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society and so on .because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. 2. Foreign anthropologists from late 19thc. Modish project is an organization aimed at facilitating students with their various research thesis materials, and also provide them with effective solutions in other academic concerns.Rely on us for a stress-free research project work, A-class academic materials, and easy guides through the course of your academic programme. Indigenous African spirituality had been increasingly falling out of favour and practice. Traditional African approaches in the light of natural values, and of modern secular attitude If we are going to speak of traditional African concepts and customs regarding marriage and the family, a few clarifications are called for. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). Religion and environmentalism is an emerging interdisciplinary subfield in the academic disciplines of religious studies, religious ethics, the sociology of religion, and theology amongst others, with environmentalism and ecological principles as a primary focus. In Sierra Leone, Botswana, and Burkina Faso more than 33 percent follow African religion, although it is not the religion of the majority. where one’s family came from. Diviners for example have access to an extensive literary corpus and verbal trove of information covering science, medicine, cosmology, and metaphysics. Africa’s a very large and diverse continent; it’s even larger than North America or Australia. Even though Africans mostly are either Christian or Muslim, and marry according to their religions; couples must also perform traditional marriage rights. It is important for Africans to discover which ancestor is reborn in a child, for this is a reason for deep thankfulness. THE REASONS WHY AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION IS STILL RELEVANT. This testifies to the enduring power of indigenous religion and its ability to domesticate Christianity and Islam in modern Africa. The destiny of a community is fulfilled through both successive and simultaneous multiple reincarnations. God is the one who brings forth good, while human causes evil to themselves and others. It is described as the product of thinking and experience of African forefathers and mothers of former generations. Unlike Western mythology, African myths are not recounted as a single narrative story, nor is there any established corpus of myth. A traditional African practitioner would have no need to ascribe to any one “religion” in that there would no conflict in his mind between his traditional African spirituality and another faith for they would not be mutually exclusive. They play an important role in designing and implementing health systems involving traditional medicines and spirit possession. They present a worldview that has collectively sustained, enriched, and given meaning to a continent and numerous other societies for centuries through its epistemology, metaphysics, history, and practices. The rationale is to designate African traditional religion as inferior to Islam and Christianity. In the African traditional religions, ancestors were never considered demonic or as part of evil spirits (2007;383). . "African Religions and Philosophy" is a systematic study of the attitudes of mind and belief that have evolved in the many societies of Africa. THE APPLICATION OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM IN A NON-PROFIT MAKING ORGANIZATION (STUDY: 3... A STUDY OF PROBLEMS FACING VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF... A TOTAL OF 34 INDIGENOUSLY MANUFACTURED PHARMACEUTICAL ORAL LIQUIDS WERE PURCHASED FROM DIFFERENT POTENT... SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS. 5. “African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated from the everyday or mundane.”, The essence of indigenous African religions and the reason for its accommodating nature is that. ENGLISH AND LINGUISTIC PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), perspectives english and linguistic project, scholars perspectives english and linguistic, THE RELEVANCE OF AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION IN THIS MODERN AGE: SCHOLARS PERSPECTIVES (ENGLISH AND LINGUISTIC PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS), THE IMPACTS OF DA’AWAH IN IDP CAMPS: THE CASE OF FCT ABUJA, SOCIOLINGUISTIC SITUATION OF NIGERIA: THE BILINGUAL CONDITIONS AMONG NIGERIAN SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH, AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF LAND TITLE REGISTRATION ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OGUN STATE A CASE STUDY OF IJEBU ODE, THE CHALLENGE AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL: CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS, SCHOOL FACTORS AFFECTING TEACHING AND LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE AT PRIMARY AT PRIMARY LEVEL A CASE STUDY OF MALUMFASHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF KATSINA STATE, ASSESSMENT OF AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOLS, SOCIO – ECONOMIC STATUS AND CHILDREN’S EDUCATIONAL LIFE CHANCES: A STUDY OF PEASANT FARMERS IN BASAWA AND BOMO DISTRICTS OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-CONCEPT AND MOTIVATION FOR OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCE. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. Modernity has not put a total stop to the influence of Indigenous African spirituality. Traditional African diviners are one of the best keepers of history and culture for Africans, academic, researchers, writers and general seekers of knowledge in the world over. Evil is generally interpreted as the work of evil spirits, witches, sorcerers, or evil eyes, broken taboos, oaths or even the deities or. To live here and now is the most important concern of African religious activities and beliefs. 1. These figures represent peo-ple who primarily follow African traditional religion; however, ditional religion or African traditional religions (Mbiti 1969, 1–2; Idowu 1973, 103; Booth 1977, 3; Ikenga-Metu 1987, 19; Alolo 2007; Ejizu n.d). Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. Although Africans who still wholly practice African indigenous religions are only about 10 percent of the African population, there are many professed Christians and Muslims who participate in one form of indigenous religious rituals and practices or another (see syncretism). Religion serves as the structure around which all other activities, such as cultural, economic, political and social organizations are built. ADVERT SPACE ! 4–5). There is neither paradise to be hoped for nor hell to be feared in the hereafter" (Mbiti 1969, pp. African Religions and Beliefs. Thus, strictly speaking, religion in its pristine form is no longer in existence. Every aspect of it cannot be described as original. 2. African religions - African religions - Mythology: In African oral cultures, myths embody philosophical reflections, express values, and identify moral standards. Ultimately Indigenous African Religious beliefs and practices will always be relevant as they provide our societies with moral values, which guide the relationships between people in the community and instruct our relationships with the environment, spiritual realm and physical wellness. Men, gender equality and the search for gender harmony, #NairobiNiMimi Series: The story of Charles Githinji. Mugambi (1989) were negative to the African cultural and religious heritage whereby they applied such terms as ‘primitive’, ‘heathen’, and pagan to describe the African culture and religion, we need to not to take traditional African life for granted as we wrestle with problems facing our continent today. At times rulers have been described as gods or as endowed with God's divinity. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religion of the African people. It is best distinguished as ATR. By this label serious damage was done to the gospel in Africa. Traditional African Religion • 1. Religion in Africa. Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. Ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives and generally most of them are good and kind. It involves the joining of families and a lot of traditions. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. . and the nomadic farmers in Africa mostly apply charms of adverse actions to any that may try to steal their products, most of this charms are been collected from juju. Religion in Africa. African world view, ‘all life is religion’(Farrington 1998:16). It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. African Traditional Religion cannot easily be studied by non-Africans. Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity i.e. This article, therefore, aims at presenting African traditional religion’s voice in this important discourse by using the traditional Akan people of Ghana as a case study. The African traditional religious belief is that human beings do not live in this world alone; there is a sense of human beings‟ close relationship with nature. Due to the pluralistic nature of African-traditional religions, African spirituality has always been able to adapt to change and allow itself to absorb the wisdom and views of other religions. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religions of the African people. Some African myths say that the number of souls and bodies is limited. Over the years, African traditional institutions have thrived on religion. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. This religion is found in all … African traditional religious system has the following components: A. Foundational Religious Beliefs. “African spirituality simply acknowledges that beliefs and practices touch on and inform every facet of human life, and therefore African religion cannot be separated from the everyday or mundane.”  Jacob Olupona, professor of indigenous African religions at Harvard Divinity School. ThE AfRiCAn ConTinEnT To understand African religion, it helps to look at Africa itself. This allows it to more easily be amended and influenced by other religious ideas, religious wisdom, and by modern development. The best interpreter of African Religion is the African with a disciplined mind and the requisite technical tools. It is not brought from outside. There are four foundational religious beliefs in the traditional religions: (1) the belief in impersonal (mystical) power(s); (2) the belief in spirit beings; (3) the belief in divinities/gods and (4) the belief in the Supreme Being. In this second edition, Dr Mbiti has updated his material to include the involvement of women in religion, and the potential unity to be found in what was once thought to be a mass of quite separate religions. Cultism: the cultists groups usually known for their sovereignty in terrorism and their immortality, having the ability to appear and dis-appear.at time’s metals could do them no harm. Tutu (1985:160) recognises that pre-Christian Africans were receptive to the Christian gospel because the biblical message resonated with aspects of their own world view, some Mbiti (1969, p. 211) says that in First, in the origin myths of several peoples, such as the Baganda of Uganda and the Edo of Nigeria, the first king or chief of the community was endowed with the sacred power of the Supreme Deity. Good and evil: in A.T.R evil includes both the physical and moral evils. The essence of indigenous African religions and the reason for its accommodating nature is that it does not maintain to uniform doctrine therefore its spiritual beliefs are not bound by a written text or code. IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING. Read: Religious fundamentalism and the erasure of African cultures, religions and traditions. European Christian missionaries from 16th century onwards see African religions as demonic, primitive, evil & stupid • 2. The traditional religions of Africa are human in the deepest sense, because they focus on people and their everyday problems. Differences between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. Tracing African Roots IN African religion, women encourage hard work and industrialisation for sustainable development. Generally speaking, African religions hold that there is one creator God, the maker of a dynamic universe. For this reason, the disciples of Taylor conclude that African religion is said to be polytheistic, meaning that Africans serve several gods which further puts African religion at the bottom of religious evolution. Given the dynamism of Indigenous African Religions, it is easy to surmise its modern day relevance and applications in that: 1. The most important thing is that in the new South Africa religion and spirituality are used to create greater understanding and harmony rather than to divide people as was done in the past. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. African Traditional Religion is a thriving scholarly business, but a serious disconnect exists between contributions that celebrate a generalized African Traditional Religion and those that describe particular religions and aspects of religion on the basis of ethnographic and archival research. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society and so on.because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or autochthonous religion of the African people. The Spirit of Ancestors in African Traditional Religion How the spirits of ancestors can be a blessing or harmful and The Power and importance of ancestors in African traditional society Ancestors in African Traditional religion are very important in that they were once alive and now they are in … While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. Africa’s 11.7 million square miles make it … Over the years African traditional religions have increased and diminished in regional importance according to social and political changes. They have provided the blueprint for robust conversations and would transform thought leadership in issues about community relations, interfaith dialogue, civil society, and civil religion. In particular, both Islam and Christianity have affected the practice of African traditional religions. it does not maintain to uniform doctrine therefore its spiritual beliefs are not bound by a written text or code. African Traditional Religion as Providing a Sound Learning Foundation The majority of the respondents (90.6%) indicated that the re- ligious educator in Zimbabwe’s primary schools needs some basic comprehension of the values of African Traditional Religion. Traditional African religions also have elements of fetishism, shamanism and veneration of relics. A guest-editor has been responsible for those pages hoped for nor hell be. Be studied by non-Africans scholars, from mid-20th c. African world view, seeing some value social... 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