However, the Chief of the Army's Armored Force, Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, ordered no diesel-engined Shermans be used by the Army outside the Zone of Interior (the continental U.S.). ISBN.0-87341-223-0. 66-67. For this type of terrain, the Japanese and the Allies found light tanks easier to transport, maneuver and employ. By then, the end of the war in Europe was clearly in sight, and the U.S. Army decided that the logistics of adding a new ammunition caliber to the supply train was not warranted. Despite no longer being the primary US tank, it fought alongside the M26 Pershing and M46 Patton. Green, Michael (2005). of the map. The tests were finally done on March 25 and May 23, 1944. I have seen alot about the T1 being crappy and dont dont know what to do. Soviet experiences were similar and tracks were modified to give better grip in the snow. [32] The U.S. 76 mm proved to be comparable in penetrating power to the 7.5 cm KwK 40,[33] the most common German anti-tank gun encountered during the fighting in France. At this time, Shermans successfully engaged German Panzer IIIs with long-barreled 50 mm L/60 guns, and Panzer IVs with short-barreled 75 mm L/24 guns. The U.S. Army restricted the Sherman's height, width, and weight so that it could be transported via typical bridges, roads, and railroads. The first HVSS Sherman to see combat was the M4A3E8(76)W in December 1944. The M4 was criticized by its crews for inability to pivot turn (turn in place), limiting its usefulness in urban warfare against pivot-turning Panthers. Sherman Firefly. During the early stages of combat in the Pacific, specifically the Guadalcanal Campaign, the US Marine Corps M2A4 light tank fought against the equally matched Type 95 Ha-Go light tank; both were armed with a 37 mm main gun, however the M2 (produced in 1940) was newer by five years. Reid, Brian (2005). The 105mm Howitzer M4 is a very powerful, close-range gun capable of damaging many opponents, if not outright kill them. Unfortunately, by the time M4s reached combat in significant numbers, battlefield demands for infantry support and tank versus tank action far outnumbered the occasional opportunities for cruiser tanks. [52] The side turret was 50 mm at a 5 degree angle[53], while the rear was 64 mm at a 90 degree angle and the turret roof was 25 mm thick. Compare tank's parameters with others from: Spotting distance by enemy with view range of, Click or tap on the image to see 3D model. Lieutenant Colonel Wilson M. Hawkins of the 2nd AD wrote the following comparing the US M4 Sherman and German Panther in a report to Allied headquarters: "It has been claimed that our tank is the more maneuverable. The M4A3E8 "Easy Eight" Shermans and other late models with wider-tracked HVSS suspension corrected these problems, but formed only a small proportion of the tanks in service even in 1945. Due to its great gun depression it can fight on hills and use terrain features much more effectively than its counterparts, which is a compensation for its weak armor. Although not optimized for tank versus tank engagements or infantry support, the M4 was capable of performing these missions to varying degrees. III & IV, actual comparative testing with the 2nd generation German tanks (Panther & Tiger) conducted by the Germans at their Kummersdorf testing facility as-well as by the US 2nd Armored Division, proved otherwise. However, with a 100% crew, Improved Ventilation, and a Gun Rammer, the reload speed can go down to 7.50s and under, providing high damage per minute, especially when keeping an enemy tracked with HE to the tracks, a highly effective way to eliminate high HP enemies. Inside the Third Reich. Soon after the Normandy invasion, General Dwight D. Eisenhower urgently requested heavy tanks (now designated M26 Pershing), but McNair's continued opposition delayed production. Mounting this gun in the original M4 turret proved to be problematic, and so the turret for the aborted T23 tank project was used instead for the definitive production version of the 76 mm M4 Shermans. In WoT, the M4 Sherman is considered a very well rounded tank. Berndt, Thomas. This decreased the likelihood of the tank catching fire. However, with a regular AP (Armor Piercing shot) ammunition (M79) or APCBC (M62) shells, the 76 mm might knock out a Panther only at close range with a shot to its mantlet or flank. The sub-types differed mainly in engines, although the M4A1 differed from the M4 by its fully-cast upper hull; the M4A4 had a longer engine system that required a longer hull, a longer suspension system and more track blocks. Decent mobility and aiming stabilization and you It offers great damage, but sacrifices penetration. 76mm M1A1 has the highest AP penetration of any tier 5 medium gun. In late 1943, the British offered the 17 pounder to the U.S. Army for use in their M4 tanks. It was also the better hill climber"[66]. прокачиваю танки США не лезу в пекло, поэтому остался в живых и пришлось тащить самому. Sherman Firefly Vs Tiger: Normandy 1944 (Duel): Normandy 1944. Priority was given to U.S. tank destroyer units, and most Shermans carried only a few rounds and some units never received any. V. IV. Speer, Albert (2009). I enjoy using the derp gun. [26] By 1943, the IJA still used the Type 95 and Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tanks, while Allied forces were quickly replacing their light tanks with 75 mm-armed M4s. ISBN.1-84176-207-5. Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles. The Sherman climbs mountains our tank experts consider inaccessible to tanks. When the Sherman first saw combat in North Africa in late 1942 against the Panzer III and Panzer IV, its gun could penetrate the armor of these tanks at typical[clarification needed] combat ranges. Ordnance could not be easily installed on the M4, but was installed on the open turreted M36 tank destroyer, and was the main gun for the T26 tank project (which eventually became the M26 Pershing). Provisions. In the desert, the Sherman's rubber tracks performed well. As a result, even weakly-armored light German tank destroyers such as the Marder III, which was meant to be a stop-gap measure to fight Soviet tanks in 1942, could destroy Shermans from a distance. Good traverse speed and acceleration is required. Self-propelled tank destroyers, called "gun motor carriages", were similar to tanks, but were lightly armored with open topped turrets. Moreover, it could penetrate the front and side armor of the Tiger I at nearly the same range that the Tiger I could penetrate the Sherman.[42]. Production of the M4 exceeded 50,000 units, and its chassis served as the basis for numerous other armored vehicles such as tank destroyers, tank retrievers, and self-propelled artillery. [46], The higher-velocity 76 mm M1 gun gave Shermans anti-tank firepower at least equal to most of the German vehicles they encountered, particularly the Panzer IV and StuG. Mounting sandbags around a tank had little effect against high-velocity anti-tank gunfire, but was thought to provide standoff protection against HEAT weapons, primarily the German Panzerfaust and Panzerschreck. ISBN.9780971765023. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. The US considered collecting all Shermans together so as to be able to send the 2nd Armored Division under Patton to reinforce Egypt, but delivering the Shermans directly to the British was quicker and 300 had arrived there by September 1942.[12]. Eine britische Version des amerikanischen M4 Sherman, der Anfang 1944 entwickelt wurde. Sherman Firefly (British 17-Pounder version of the Sherman) Firefly Saunders SP (Japan) Rudolph (Upcoming Christmas-themed M4A3E8) Tier VII Edit. In the Pacific Theater, the Sherman was used chiefly against Japanese infantry and fortifications; in their rare encounters with lighter Japanese tanks with weaker armor and guns, the Sherman's superiority was overwhelming. The U.S. Army had seven main sub-designations for M4 variants during production: M4, M4A1, M4A2, M4A3, M4A4, M4A5, and M4A6. ISBN.9781855322967. The tank is a versatile tank, able to be fitted for a variety of roles, and is an excellent tank for its tier. [64] They saw combat in the 1967 Six-Day War, fighting Soviet World War II-era armor like the T34/85, and also in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, proving effective even against newer, heavier Soviet tanks like the T-54 and T-55. Considering all this, the M1A2 should not be overlooked on the upgrade path in comparison to the M1A1 as it really brings out the E8's strengths. [52][54] Although the Russian T-34 is often credited for introducing sloped armor, the Sherman's upper hull was angled at a 56 degree angle while the lower half of the hull was curved. Sherman Medium Tank 1942-1945. The 17 pounder still could not penetrate the glacis plate of the Panther but it could easily penetrate the Panther's gun mantlet at combat range[41]. Gelsenkirchen, Germany, March 19, 1945, Duplex Drive Sherman lands on beach in southern France during Operation Dragoon, US Seventh Army, Red Beach Area, France. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1993. Sherman. Make youself It is given decisive missions. Hence, the 76 mm M4 was not initially accepted by various US Armored Division commanders, even though a number had already been produced and were available. Benannt war der mit 50.000 Exemplaren meistgebaute US-Panzer des Zweiten Weltkrieges nach General of the Army William T. Sherman (18201891). It placed tanks in the "striking echelon" of the armored division, and placed the infantry in the "support echelon". The M3 was developed as a stopgap measure until a new turret mounting a 75 mm gun could be devised. Development started in 1941. Early Shermans mounted a 75 mm medium-velocity general-purpose gun. ISBN.978-1-85532-911-9. It can also be fitted with the stock turret, easing the grind on the M4 considerably. You hide behind a cover, fully reload your gun, pre-aim and sneak out just Duckbills were original factory equipment for the heavy M4A3E2 Jumbo to compensate for the extra weight of armor. World of Tanks Blitz: American Line - The Tier V M4 Sherman Complete Guide - YouTube The Tier V M4 Sherman is one of the great historical tanks, and the most produced tank of WWII. All of the US Army M4s deployed initially in Normandy in June 1944 had the 75 mm gun. In the United Kingdom, the M4 was named after Union General William Tecumseh Sherman, following the British practice of naming their American-built tanks after famous American Civil War generals. [14] However, prior to September 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had announced a production program calling for 120,000 tanks for the Allied war effort, which would have created 61 armored divisions. Those that saw action included the bulldozer blade for the Sherman dozer tanks, Duplex Drive for "swimming" Sherman tanks, R3 flamethrower for Zippo flame tanks, and the T34 60-tube Calliope 4.5" rocket launcher for the Sherman turret. [19] "M4" can refer specifically to the initial sub-type with its Continental radial engine, or generically, to the entire family of seven Sherman sub-types, depending on context. While the US Army fielded 16 armored divisions and 70 independent tank battalions during the war, only a third of the battalions and none of the divisions were deployed to the Pacific Theater. Many German generals and many historians considered the T-34 the best tank of the war,[5] but even so, the Russians recognized the Sherman's particular advantages when they used them in certain niche situations. To log in, select the region where your account is registered, Or use Microsoft Login to enter WoT XBOX ecosystem, Interview with Soviet Tanker Dmitriy Loza detailing the comparative utility of Shermans in the 6th Guards Tank Army at, Russian language (translatable) article on Soviet uses, M4 Sherman Photos and Walk Arounds on Prime Portal, [4] The designers stressed mechanical reliability, ease of production and maintenance, durability, standardization of parts and ammunition in a limited number of variants, and moderate size and weight. Marshall summarily ordered the tanks to be provided to the ETO as soon as they could be produced. "[58] Regardless, the Sherman, like most Allied vehicles, remained vulnerable to infantry anti-tank weapons such as the Panzerschreck and Panzerfaust. City: Zenith Press. of the enemy. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 26. While most Shermans ran on gasoline, the M4A2 and M4A6 had diesel engines: the M4A2 with a pair of GMC 6-71 straight six engines,[17] the M4A6 a Caterpillar RD1820 radial. A variant of the M4 Sherman was armed with the 105 mm M4 howitzer, which provided even more powerful high-explosive armament. I enjoy going to the front line and brawling. While it may not have the raw power of the 105mm Howitzer M4, it possesses a very high-penetration gun capable of challenging most opponents. McNair, an artilleryman, championed the tank destroyer doctrine within the U.S. Armored Forces. Death Traps: The Survival of an American Armored Division in World War II. The armor of the M4 was effective against most early and mid-war anti-tank weapons[52], but was vulnerable to penetration from 75 mm L/48 tank guns up to a range of 1,370[56] – 1,500 meters. V. Crew 1 Commander 1 Gunner 1 Loader 1 Driver 1 Radio operator 103 % Base mastery. The U.S. continued to transfer Shermans to its allies, which contributed to widespread foreign use. October 1944, An M4 Sherman taken out of service to replace the Continental R975C engine, Crew of medium M4 Sherman tank apply a layer of cement to the frontal armor of the tank in a desperate attempt to increase the level of protection. Fast. When the burning white phosphorus splattered against the German tank, the acrid smoke would get sucked inside the tank, and together with the fear of the fire spreading inside the tank, cause the crew to abandon the tank. and there are many masteries coming your way. ISBN.978-0760321522. for a second to make one damaging shot. The Army used all types for either training or testing within the United States, but intended the M4A2 and M4A4 to be the primary Lend-Lease exports. ISBN.0764302256. trying to extract a 2.5 ton truck bogged down in the mud in Merode,Germany on February 1,1945, A Sherman tank makes its way through the main entrance of the train station of Aachen - Rothe Erde. Modules. The M4 was not primarily intended as an infantry support tank; in fact, FM 100-5 specifically stated the opposite. The U.S. Army Ordnance Department designed the Medium Tank M4 as a replacement for the M3 Lee and Grant Medium Tanks. Progressively thicker armor was added to hull front and turret mantlet in various improved models. The M4 Sherman is a favorite of many players since it is easy to play and has two viable top guns. Wie die meisten anderen Shermans im Spiel ist die Panzerung des M4-A2 kaum nennenswert. The German tank was the faster, both across country and on the highway and could make sharper turns. 6 comments. The Sherman's reliability benefited from many features first developed in U.S. light tanks during the 1930s, including vertical volute spring suspension, rubber-bushed tracks, and rear-mounted radial engine with drive sprockets in front. These designations did not necessarily indicate linear improvement: for example, A4 was not meant to indicate it was better than the A3. The M4 Sherman is considered a very well rounded tank like the T-34 or PzKpfw IV, and is often considered one of the best, if not the best, Tier V medium. The M4A3E8 outperformed the T-34/85 in Korea. Between 2,100 and 2,300 vehicles of all modifications were built from 1944 through 1945. 113.3 … Off-road performance varied. The first standard-production 76 mm gun Sherman was an M4A1, accepted in January 1944, and the first standard-production 105 mm howitzer Sherman was an M4 accepted in February 1944. VII Comet; VII ... A British version of the American M4 Sherman tank, developed in early 1944. In the Pacific Theater, the Sherman was used chiefly against Japanese infantry and fortifications; in their rare encounters with lighter Japanese tanks with weaker armor and guns, the Shermans were superior. The gun on the original M4 was the short-barreled medium-velocity 75 mm M3 gun. The Sherman had good speed both on- and off-road. Choose a tank and join the battle! Later M4s also received redesigned hull hatches for better egress. Field improvisations included placing sandbags, spare track links, concrete, wire mesh, or even wood for increased protection against shaped-charge rounds, even though it had little effect. Seemed to show that the shell could also be used against the Tiger and Panther doing. Core penetrator surrounded by a lightweight aluminum body, which contributed to widespread foreign use give way to post-war developed... 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